any particular disease does not cause the majority of the case of high blood pressure ( hypertension). Instead, people with high blood pressure tend to fall into at least one of the following categories:

•  They have a family history of high blood pressure;

•  They tend to eat a lot of salt;

•  They are overweight;

•  They do not take much exercise;

•  They experience high stress level;

•  They drink alcohol to excess;

• They smoke.

Relatively rarely, hypertension may be caused by diseases that affect organs such as the kidney and adrenal glands ( which secrete blood pressure controlling hormones).

Healthy people under the age of 45 should have their blood pressure checked every two years. Because hypertension may cause no noticeable symptoms, having a regular check is an easy way to pick up any unhealthy rise in blood pressure before the complications of hypertension develop

People at risk of hypertension because of family history or lifestyle should have their blood pressure measured more frequently- at least once a year, sometimes more – as should those who have a family history of heart disease or problem with the blood vessels, kidney, or endocrine system.

Pregnant women should have their blood pressure checked at each clinical visit because high blood pressure can be dangerous for both mother and baby.

Although you can buy blood pressure measuring devices, it’s best to have blood pressure measured by a medical professional trained in the technique and will use equipment that is checked for accuracy.

For some people, the stress of just visiting the doctor can push up their blood pressure (so-called white-coat hypertension). If your blood pressure is high on a single occasion, a second test will be arranged; try to make sure you can rest and relax for few minutes before the test.

Your doctor may set up urine and blood tests to rule out the underlying disease if you have hypertension. There may also be tests to check for complications following hypertension, such as a heart trace.



   There are two parts to the measurement of blood pressure. The first is the systolic reading, taken as the heartbeats, and the second is the diastolic reading, taken as the heart muscle relaxes again.

Blood pressure does vary enormously from individual to individual and over time. There are some general guidelines, however.

      Healthy blood pressure is a systolic reading of less than 130 and a diastolic reading of less than 85 (this will be expressed as 130/85).

Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes if your blood pressure reaches 140/90.

Medication will probably be prescribed when blood pressure reaches 160/100. An individual with blood pressure at this level is not considered a good candidate for surgery, so medication to lower it and keep it down will be needed if any surgery is planned.


Try to keep calm during the test:

Blood pressure measurements vary throughout the day, depending on activity level and even your emotional state. Blood pressure is lower during periods of sleep and usually rises in response to exercise.

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